THE SALT ROAD
The coast line from Trapani to Marsala is characterized by the salt-
The Nature Reserve Salt-
The Nature Reserve Saline di Trapani & Paceco, which spreads along 987 hectares, was established in 1995 by the Sicilian Region and entrusted to the Italian Association of the WWF. The reserve, created to protect the last wetlands of western Sicily, also protects the salt-
The Saline di Trapani & Paceco is one of the most important reserve in Sicily where migratory birds can stop to feed and rest, before crossing the dangerous Channel of Sicily, to land finally in Africa. During the spring and autumn up to 200 different species can be counted, among them: avocet – symbol of the reserve, spoonbill, flamingo, egret, glossy ibis, widgeon, teal and etc. There are also thousands of ducks, which number increases because of the great protection provided by the Reserve.
Besides the birds, the Reserve houses many amphibians and reptiles as well a different types of vegetation. Among the characteristic species of the
WWF, as Managing Institution, in agreement with the owners of the salt-
Museum of Salt at Nubia
The history of this place has its roots back in 1488, when Ferdinand the Catholic, King of Spain, ordered the construction of the mill and the surrounding saline. The Museum of Salt was established by its owner, Alberto Culcasi, thanks to funding from Trapani Province Tourism Office and Paceco municipality. It is housed in 300-
The museum collects and preserves the ancient tools used for extracting and gathering the salt. The information panels on the walls and the white/black photographs of the salt-
Location: Via Chiusa -
Info: 0923 867061
Opening hours: Monday – Sunday from 9:30 till 19:00
The Nature Reserve Islands of the Stagnone
The Nature Reserve Isole dello Stagnone di Marsala was established in 1984. It extends on the west coast of Sicily in the municipality of Marsala and covers an area of 2000 hectares between Cape San Teodoro and Cape Lilybaeum. The Reserve includes the whole lagoon, separated from the open sea by the four islands: San Pantaleo (Mozia), Isola Grande, Santa Maria and Schola. The first one is the most important because it was a Phoenician settlement.
In the lagoon the water is shallow and in some spots the maximum depth is three metres. The temperature of the water can get to 34°C. The water exchange of the basin with the sea is ensured by two “mouth” of Isola Grande: narrow and shallow one on the North and another wider and deeper on the South.
The Reserve of Stagnone is favourable for different species of vegetation like oceanic Posidonia, Calendula maritime, salt-
The characteristic of the Reserve is surely the presence of the salt-
Mozia (also known as Mothia, Motya), today San Pantaleo, is an island of the Lagoon of the Stagnone. It was founded by the Phoenicians in the 8th century B.C. and, thanks to its location, Mozia soon became a very rich commercial town that represented a strategic port in the Mediterranean sea. Through the 6th and 5th century the city had a period of great prosperity, but in 397 B.C. it was destroyed by Dionysius the Elder from Syracuse. The destruction of Mozia forced the survivors to move on to the nearby Sicilian coast, where they founded the city of Lilybaeum, today known as Marsala.
At the end of the past century, a rich businessman -
This museum, founded by Giuseppe Whitaker, houses many object of Phoenician origin. Here one can admire grotesque mask of the “Laughing Man”, bowls, glasses, objects with metal decorations, pieces of ceramics, weapons, jewels amulets and scarabs, objects with original inscriptions. The jewels are mostly of silver and bronze, some are of gold, of good quality, and are dated between the 7th and 4th century B.C. At the entrance of the house is placed the statue of two lions assaulting a bull. The museum houses one of the most remarkable archaeological finds of the last few years, the Giovinetto di Mozia, a statue of a young boy dated to the 5th century B.C. The statue is of marble, of a coarse crystalline grain, with colour traces and it is 1,8 metres tall.
Info: 0923 712598.
Opening hours: All days; November – February from 9:00 till 12:00; March – October from 09:00 till 19:00
Ticket: the entrance to the museum is included in the island admission ticket. Full price – 9,00 €; Reduced price (children & students) – 5,00 €
HOW TO REACH MOZIA
By car: A29 Trapani-Birgi, exit the motorway at Birgi and drive along the SP21 towards Mozia-Marsala. From there take a ferry boat.
By bus: there is a regular bus service from Piazza del Popolo in Marsala to the Mozia jetty. From there take a ferry boat.
By ferry: there are two spots where you can board one of the boats running regularly to and from Mozia. Two companies run this service - "Arini e Pugliesi" from Salina Ettore and "Mozia Line" from Salina Infersa. Boats depart every 30 min and the ride is approximately 15 min.
"Arini e Pugliesi" - 347 7790218
"Mozia Line" - 0923 989249
CASA DEI MOSAICI
consisted of a wide open courtyard surrounded by arcades with columns. The floors are made from white and black pebbles representing fights between realistic animals like the feline and the bull and imaginative creatures like the griffon attacking a deer.
In the southern part of the island there is the Cothon, a small rectangular dock with stone walls. Probably, it was used as a dry dock for repairing ships.
Tophet is the name of a sacred area, where the Phoenicians placed urns containing remains from human and animal sacrifices. It was long believed that sacrifices has to be offered to the goddess Tanit, the goddess of Life and Death, Fecundity and the Sea. The Tophet was linked to the coast through a road that has been submerged by sea, but is still visible from above.
Marsala is an ancient town, rich in Carthaginian, Roman, Arab, Norman and Spanish monuments, but above all, it is known for its liqueur-
It was founded by the Phoenicians who escaped from Mozia after it was defeated by Dionysius the Elder of Syracuse. The ancient Lilybaeum was fortified by an impressive boundary wall, of which traces still remain, to ensure the safety of the town. In 241 B.C. the town passed to the Romans and became a centre of trade and commerce. After the Romans came the Vandals of Gaiseric and then the Byzantines. In the 9th century A.D. it was conquered by Arabs, who gave it its present name Marsa-
In Italian history Marsala’s name is linked to the landing of Giuseppe Garibaldi, the leader of the movement for Italian unification, and his famous “I Mille”. He landed at Marsala on May 11, 1860 and started here the unification of Italy.
The Cathedral of Marsala, located in Piazza della Repubblica, was built in 1628 on the site of a pre-
THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM OF BAGLIO ANSELMI
The Archaeological Museum is located in an old wine factory. It houses the Marsala Punic Warship as well the archaeological remains illustrating the history of Lilybaeum and its environs, from Prehistory to the Middle Ages.
The Punic Ship was discovered in 1971. It is supposed that it sunk at the end of the First Punic War during the Battle of the Egadi Islands. The ship had an estimated length of 35 metres, a width of 4.80 m, and a weight on the order of 120 tons. The letter of the Phoenician-
Location: Via Capo Lilibeo
Info: 0923 952535
Opening hours: Monday from 9:00 to 13:30; Tuesday-
Ticket: Full price -
MUSEO DEGLI ARAZZI (TAPESTRY MUSEUM)
The museum houses eight splendid Flemish tapestries sewn in Brussels (1530-
Location: Via Garraffa
Info: 0923 712903
Opening hours: Monday closed; Tuesday-
Ticket: 1,50 €
FLAVOURS AND AROMAS
HOW TO REACH
By car: A29 Palermo-
By train: there are regional trains running from Palermo or Trapani to Marsala
By bus: Palermo-
By plane: the nearest airport is Trapani-
Location: Via XI Maggio
Info: 0923 714097